The officer delayed writing the traffic ticket in this case for 20 minutes after the report back on defendant’s license, so Rodriguez was seemingly violated. So, the question is reasonable suspicion. The collective knowledge doctrine, however, of reasonable suspicion gives enough to justify the length of detention. Defendants’ recorded conversations with the C.D. established at least reasonable suspicion that perhaps even rises to probable cause.” United States v. Martinez, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 147543 (D.Guam Oct. 25, 2016).
Defendant’s probation search was conducted by a probation officer, not at the request of a LEO, and was lawful, even if evidence gathering was the point. United States v. Morgan, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 19036 (9th Cir. Oct. 21, 2016).*