The question is not whether defendant actually made a left turn traffic violation; it’s whether the officer reasonably believed he did. Even the Ohio courts aren’t sure, and that makes the officer’s belief reasonable. United States v. Pacelli, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 139145 (N.D.Ohio July 27, 2021).
The court finds reasonable suspicion for the encounter with defendant despite his concerns over the legitimacy of the alleged citizen informant essentially being one from the criminal milieu because she provided information for 11 years and had the officer’s personal cell phone number. The informant hearsay question [although interesting and] seemingly important isn’t. Diggs v. State, 2021 Del. LEXIS 241 (July 27, 2021).*
Defendant’s Fourth Amendment unreasonableness claim fails just because he was handcuffed within a minute of his stop without his identity having been established. There was justification for officer safety. United States v. Mathis, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 139146 (N.D.Ohio July 27, 2021).*