Making plaintiff leave a city council meeting that had been disrupted by her and others was not a Fourth Amendment seizure. Guiding her out wasn’t either. Youkhanna v. City of Sterling Heights, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 24165 (6th Cir. Aug. 14, 2019):
Ms. Rrasi lost her privilege to remain in the public meeting because of her behavior. Her description of the force used by officers to escort her out—holding her hand or arm, tapping her—does not exceed guiding force, especially in light of her mid-exit refusal to leave the Council chambers. There was certainly no painful force, and Ms. Rrasi’s freedom was unrestricted once she exited the building. Because there was no seizure, Ms. Rrasi’s Fourth Amendment rights were not violated, and summary judgment in favor of defendants was appropriate.