It was not unreasonable for a school resource officer to handcuff for 15 minutes a 7-year-old sobbing second grader who he suspected of active resistance to going to the principal’s office. Aside from reasonableness, qualified immunity applies because the right was not clearly established that handcuffing a 7-year-old in school was a Fourth Amendment violation, which it’s not anyway. K.W.P. v. Kan. City Pub. Schs, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 23023 (8th Cir. Aug. 1, 2019).
Plaintiff loses her § 1983 claim arising from a custody case for (a) consent, and (b) lack of supervisory liability. Arsan v. Keller, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 22986 (6th Cir. Aug. 1, 2019).*