The initial drawing of weapons at the beginning of a stop was not unreasonable under all the facts. Doing it again gratuitously without apparent justification was unreasonable. Wilson v. Lamp, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 24386 (8th Cir. Aug. 28, 2018).
There was probable cause for installation of a GPS on defendant’s car. United States v. Neal, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 24376 (9th Cir. Aug. 28, 2018).*