There was probable cause for defendant’s strip search because everything indicated he had drugs on his person. His “animated” response to the strip search request only added to it, and the officers testified that the crotch area is where suspects often hide drugs. The strip search policy of the department said that the “officer in charge” had to approve of the strip search, but the officer here was senior most, so he qualifies. Also, “officer in charge” wasn’t even defined. This violation of the policy, even if it was one, is not enough to justify suppressing the search. Commonwealth v. Agogo, 2018 Mass. App. LEXIS 82 (June 29, 2018).
There was reasonable suspicion of a traffic violation, and defendant consented to a search of the car on the totality, although not advised of a right to refuse. United States v. Ortiz, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 109480 (N.D. Cal. June 29, 2018).*