CA9: RS here didn’t dissipate during the stop when def got out of car and all kinds of identity theft stuff fell out of his lap

Defendant’s claim that reasonable suspicion for his continued detention would have dissipated is rejected. Defendant was driving a car where the front plate didn’t match the rear plate, and that strongly suggests it was a stolen car, and stolen cars are used to commit other crimes. A mail box key was the first thing in his lap. “On the facts here, even without the key, it is inconceivable that the officers would have paid no attention to the mail, checks, credit cards, and driver’s licenses that Chong had begun dropping as he got out of a car with mismatched plates. They effectively seized these items even before the frisk, and the simple act of the officers gathering the items would have begun to reveal their suspicious nature and suggested the need for closer inspection. There is no counterfactual version of this story reflecting what Chong implies (but does not state): that the officers would have simply handed the materials back to him without some kind of examination.” United States v. Chong, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 25528 (9th Cir. Dec. 18, 2017).*

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