Probable cause to search defendant’s vehicle existed based on officers’ collective knowledge, including a tip from an informant who had recently been found with cocaine, identified defendant as his primary supplier, and described how she hid cocaine under her car’s bumper. Defendant’s phone calls and text messages with the informant arranging for the sale and delivery of cocaine, and indicating to the informant that she was coming to meet him, also contributed to probable cause. United States v. Sullivan, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 24497 (11th Cir. Dec. 5, 2017).
Collective knowledge for a stop also was found in United States v. Carrera, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 199966 (N.D. Ind. Nov. 1, 2017),* adopted in part 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 198530 (N.D. Ind. Dec. 4, 2017)* (there was reasonable suspicion independently so collective knowledge not important).