Opening a car door to check the Nader sticker for the VIN was not unreasonable and did not involve invading a space inside the car. By the time that happened, there was reasonable suspicion. Then there was consent to search the car. The passenger doesn’t have standing to challenge the search for drugs in the engine compartment. United States v. Barraza-Rocha, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 184966 (D. N.M. Aug. 17, 2016), adopted, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 32771 (D. N.M. March 8, 2017).
Defendant’s cell phone could be searched for messages and photos at the border, even though he’d already been arrested. United States v. Mendez, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 33924 (D. Ariz. March 9, 2017).