Search warrants must be issued on affidavits or recorded testimony. The issuing judge asked questions about the no-knock entry, and this was separate from probable cause finding. This did not have to be recorded. Besides, the judge denied the no-knock application, so where is the prejudice. As a whole, the affidavit shows the trash pull was the same date as the application, so there was no staleness issue. Jones v. State, 2016 Ark. App. 354, 2016 Ark. App. LEXIS 387 (Aug. 24, 2016).
Car with tool mark scratches around the door and missing VIN sticker on door frame required by federal regulations was reasonable suspicion. United States v. Wallace, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 106436 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 11, 2016).*