“A warrantless arrest by a law officer is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment where there is probable cause to believe that a criminal offense has been or is being committed,” even if the officer cannot point out the specific statute involved. Thus, the officer was entitled to qualified immunity. Plaintiff also claimed an unlawful seizure from getting his money back from the jail in a debit card and not in cash. He cites no case that that’s a Fourth Amendment violation, so there is qualified immunity for that, too. Oliver v. Nielsen, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 9121 (10th Cir. Mar. 24, 2020).
Plaintiff’s telling her daughter to disobey a police officer’s order was probable cause for arrest. Voss v. Goode, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 9133 (5th Cir. Mar. 24, 2020).*