E.D.Wis.: RS of carrying drugs described

“In the context of this case [and the totality of circumstances], the question before the court is whether Trooper Callister unreasonably prolonged his stop of Martinez. I conclude he did not. That the initial stop was justified is without dispute. Martinez had obscured his view of the roadway. After the stop was made, this experienced State Trooper credibly described in detail the specific circumstances that led him to believe Martinez was involved in drug trafficking, including the fact Martinez appeared nervous, did not own the vehicle he was driving so far from home, the seeming inconsistencies in his statements about whose car it was and his unusual travel plans, the nervousness he exhibited, the amount of cash he was carrying, and the fact that he was traveling along a common drug courier route to a source area. Though none of these facts by themselves could give rise to a reasonable suspicion, that is not how a reviewing court is to assess a law enforcement officer’s actions.” United States v. Martinez, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 185943 (E.D. Wis. Oct. 7, 2020).*

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