The District of Columbia’s policy to randomly drug test virtually everybody working at the crime lab could not constitutionally apply to plaintiff, a human resources specialist there. She was fired for refusing a drug test, and received $802,000 at a jury trial. The verdict is sustained. She was not in a sensitive position requiring drug testing. Lewis v. District of Columbia, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 95520 (D. D.C. June 7, 2018).
Because there was probable cause to arrest, the officers get qualified immunity. Jecrois v. Sojak, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 15200 (3d Cir. June 6, 2018).*