Defendant’s tossing a black bag with drugs onto the porch of another apparently attempting to distance himself from them was an abandonment, and he had no standing as to what was thrown onto the porch. It matters not where the police were standing at the time it happened since defendant didn’t have standing nor did it cause voluntary abandonment. United States v. Lucero, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2446 (D.Utah Jan. 6, 2017).*
Defendant makes no argument as to how the Fourth Amendment was violated in his case for defense counsel to be ineffective for not raising it. Nevertheless, the guilty plea waived that. Ramos v. United States, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 180981 (W.D.Tex. Jan. 15, 2016).*
When the officer approached the defendant, it was obvious she was impaired, and the FST was justified, and the blood draw was consented to. “This is not a close case.” State v. Sapp, 2017 Del. Super. LEXIS 9 (Jan. 4, 2017).*
The multiple search warrants were issued after lawful wiretaps, so the exclusionary rule doesn’t apply. United States v. Garcia, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1857 (S.D.Ind. Jan. 6, 2017).