CA2: Supervised release search condition not adequately addressed on the record

“We conclude that the ‘special needs’ doctrine of the Fourth Amendment permits, when sufficiently supported by the record, the imposition of a special condition of supervised release that allows the probation officer to conduct a suspicionless search of the defendant’s person, property, vehicle, place of residence, or any other property under his or her control. However, the district court exceeded its discretion in imposing that special condition here because it failed to make the individualized assessment required to support the special condition under 18 U.S.C. § 3583(d), including a sufficient explanation as to how the condition is reasonably related in this particular case to the applicable statutory factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) and involves no greater deprivation of liberty than is reasonably necessary under those factors.” United States v. Oliveras, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 6226 (2d Cir. Mar. 15, 2024).

Around midnight, two officers in a cruiser saw Albert Jackson alone in a parked car. They pulled alongside, close enough so Jackson would have to squeeze to get out. One officer went to Jackson’s side of the car, while the other walked to Jackson’s passenger side. Both shined flashlights on Jackson. By boxing in and surrounding Jackson, the officers’ actions meant a reasonable person in his position would not feel free to leave. [¶] The officers explained why they took these steps. Jackson was wearing a ‘big bulky jacket’ on a ‘hot’ and ‘humid’ night. He ‘was seated kind of awkwardly in the driver’s seat.’ And when they approached in the dark and shined flashlights on him, he looked ‘uncomfortable and kind of nervous,’ ‘like he was surprised to see us.’ [Well, yeah.] The officers’ stated observations did not suggest criminal activity might be afoot. Jackson’s detention violated the Fourth Amendment.” People v. Jackson, 2024 Cal. App. LEXIS 185 (2d Dist. Mar. 15, 2024).*

This entry was posted in Probation / Parole search, Reasonable suspicion. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.