NY: Stop of man on bike without RS was unreasonable

NYPD officers stopped defendant riding a bike in Queens. They asked him whether he was armed, and he admitted he was, so he was frisked and arrested. The stop lacked any reasonable suspicion, and the gun should have been suppressed. People v. Rodriguez, 2023 NY Slip Op 05972, 2023 N.Y. LEXIS 1889 (Nov. 21, 2023).

Officers set up a traffic safety roadblock on a bridge from Manhattan to the Bronx where every third car was stopped. Intoxicated drivers wasn’t the focus, but they would make an arrest if they found one. When defendant’s car stopped, he rolled down the window to talk to the officer and the smell of burnt marijuana came out, so that led to a vehicle search. First, the state proved justification for the roadblock. Second, legalization of marijuana doesn’t apply retroactively (this was in 2018, and the law changed March 31, 2021). People v. Pastrana, 2023 NY Slip Op 05966, 2023 N.Y. LEXIS 1894 (Nov. 21, 2023).*

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in his girlfriend’s car that he used for a bank robbery and then left it elsewhere. United States v. Newton, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 31010 (5th Cir. Nov. 21, 2023).*

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