W.D.Okla.: Pepper spray use under the circumstances was reasonable

“Anthony argues that Gottschalk used excessive force when he sprayed him with OC spray, which the court now refers to as pepper spray. Applying the Graham factors and considering the totality of the circumstances, the court concludes that a reasonable jury could not find that Gottschalk’s use of pepper spray was objectively unreasonable.” Anthony v. City of Oklahoma City, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141308 (W.D.Okla. Aug. 14, 2023).*

A jury could conclude the use of force here was unreasonable. Clerkley v. City of Oklahoma City, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141309 (W.D.Okla. Aug. 14, 2023).*

The cell phone search was valid when it happened, but the law changed. The search was valid under Davis’s good faith exception. United States v. Berrios, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141331 (N.D.Ill. Aug. 14, 2023).*

Defendant’s temporary tag was not clearly visible at the time of the stop, and that justified it. United States v. James, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141701 (D.Kan. Aug. 14, 2023).*

The consent for defendant’s blood draw was specific and unlimited. United States v. Aguirre, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141737 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2023).*

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