E.D.Pa.: Hospital nurse who found drugs on def wasn’t state actor

A nurse in a hospital who found drugs in defendant’s pants was required by policy to search the rest of his belongings. The nurse was not a state actor. United States v. Kunsman, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 84362 (E.D. Pa. May 15, 2023).*

Defendant’s vehicle was parked for days at times with him in it across from a school, and those at the school started to get nervous that he was planning a school shooting. Things he said after being told to move [as in: you won’t have to worry about me soon] made them more concerned. The vehicle had an obscured LPN. Officers talked to him and told him to take care of that. He did not. Finally, officers surveilled his car for five hours into one night, and he pulled out without signaling. That led to a traffic stop. He refused to cooperate and show his DL or get out of the car. His putting his DL up to the window without handing it over is what delayed the stop, not the officers. He was arrested for the LPN violation and general lack of cooperation with the officers. Finally, his vehicle was being towed and was inventoried. Inside it was full of trash. Marijuana, a grinder, and an AR-15 magazine were found. Searching further, they found the AR-15 which was analyzed as an automobile exception search. The stop was concededly justified, and it was not unreasonably extended by the officers. The arrest and inventory and search for the gun were also justified. United States v. Allam, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 84319 (E.D. Tex. Apr. 24, 2023), adopted, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 82434 (E.D. Tex. May 10, 2023).*

The owner of the vehicle testified defendant was driving without permission, and that meant no standing. Moreover, he had a suspended DL and was subject to stop and search as a result. State v. McFadden, 2023-Ohio-1630 (5th Dist. May 15, 2023).*

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