The state could get a jury instruction that defendant refused to submit to a DNA search. State v. Roberts, 2023-Ohio-142, 2023 Ohio App. LEXIS 131 (6th Dist. Jan. 18, 2023).
The facts in isolation may not show reasonable suspicion but they do when combined. United States v. Seguero, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9292 (D. Vt. Jan. 19, 2023).*
The officer had more than reasonable suspicion for detaining for a dog sniff; he smelled marijuana so he had probable cause. United States v. Jones, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 236077 (E.D. Tex. Dec. 23, 2022).*
The claim that the state constitution should recognize a higher privacy interest in automobiles is rejected. State v. Ortega, 2023 N.M. App. LEXIS 2 (Jan. 18, 2023).* [And, even if this was a viable argument, this wasn’t the case for it.]