CA8: RS supported stop from GPS tracker placed with robbery loot

Defendant’s challenge to the reliability of GPS information for a stop of a robbery suspect on reasonable suspicion is rejected. He was accused of robbing a cell phone store, and a GPS tracker left with him. It was reasonable to stop his car when the GPS signal indicated location and some other factors of reasonable suspicion were present. United States v. Martin, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 31093 (8th Cir. Oct. 18, 2021), vacated prior op. 999 F.3d 636 (8th Cir. 2021):

The police had at least reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle. The GPS tracker indicated that it was at the intersection of Kimberly and Spring. Martin argues the GPS was unreliable. In support, he points to cases in which courts heard testimony about the reliability and accuracy of GPS devices. See United States v. Brooks, 715 F.3d 1069, 1077-78 (8th Cir. 2013); United States v. Espinal-Almeida, 699 F.3d 588, 610-12 (1st Cir. 2012). But those cases are about the admission of the data at trial and do not address whether officers in the field can rely on third-party GPS data while pursuing suspects. Considering the tight window of opportunity officers have to locate a fleeing suspect, we find it reasonable for police to rely on third-party GPS data.

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