CA9: ICE warrant authorized knocking at appellant’s door, and co-occupant consented to entry

ICE officers could approach appellant’s door under Jardines with an immigration arrest warrant even though it is not a judicial warrant. “The immigration warrant licensed the officers to solicit consent to entry for the limited purpose of enforcing the civil immigration laws, a context that implicates distinct constitutional interests from those involved in a criminal case. See Lopez-Mendoza, 468 U.S. at 1042.” A co-occupant consented to entry. Rauda v. Wilkinson, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 2443 (9th Cir. Jan. 28, 2021).

Plaintiff’s cursory Fourth Amendment qualified immunity briefing was inadequate. “By failing properly to assert qualified immunity in his Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, Healy has forfeited this issue.” Watkins v. Healy, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 2411 (6th Cir. Jan. 28, 2021).*

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