Category Archives: Body searches

NY3: Warrantless arrest body cavity search was unreasonable

Defendant’s arrest body cavity search pulling out heroin was unreasonable. People v. Chase, 2024 NY Slip Op 01837, 2024 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 1877 (3d Dist. Apr. 4, 2024). [Sentencing was five years ago, and that should be an embarrassment … Continue reading

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CA7: Not following state and local laws on strip searches doesn’t make one unreasonable

“Shaw raises three responses, but they are unavailing. First, he contends that the officers did not follow Wisconsin and local laws that instruct officers to obtain written authorization from a supervisor before a strip search. But a violation of state … Continue reading

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NY3: SW for person doesn’t include body cavity search unless reason for such search was shown

“Even where a search warrant has been previously obtained, it is axiomatic that such ‘warrant exists and is required not simply to permit, but to circumscribe police intrusions’ …. Here, the search warrant that had been previously obtained authorized the … Continue reading

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Cal.4: Def passed out 45 min. after arrival at hospital; officer’s failure to get SW for blood draw was inexcusable, so no GFE either

Defendant was transported to the hospital after a vehicle accident. The officer was attempting to talk to him. Defendant was lethargic and had a hard time answering questions. About 45 minutes into the hospital stay, he passed out. Blood was … Continue reading

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NY: Dog sniff of the person is a search

A dog sniff of the person is a search. There is a greater zone of privacy for the person than an inanimate object. People v. Butler, 2023 NY Slip Op 06468, 2023 N.Y. LEXIS 2023 (Dec. 19, 2023), aff’g and … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Inventory of car totaled in flight from police was reasonable on totality

The inventory of defendant’s car after he totaled it fleeing from the police in a wreck was reasonable on the totality. Defendant argued that inventory was improper just from curiosity. United States v. Twiggs, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 204654 (E.D. … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Seizure of cell phone incident to arrest not invalid because it preceded actual arrest

Seizure of defendant’s cell phone incident to arrest wasn’t unreasonable just because it was seized before the arrest. United States v. Garg, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 183140 (W.D. Wash. Oct. 11, 2023). An extraneous name appearing in a warrant affidavit … Continue reading

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W.D.Okla.: Pepper spray use under the circumstances was reasonable

“Anthony argues that Gottschalk used excessive force when he sprayed him with OC spray, which the court now refers to as pepper spray. Applying the Graham factors and considering the totality of the circumstances, the court concludes that a reasonable … Continue reading

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S.D.W.Va.: No 4A right to leaving SW at scene of search

Searching officers do not violate the Fourth Amendment by not leaving a copy of the search warrant, let alone the original. Carter v. Luciano, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 101723 (S.D. W. Va. June 12, 2023).* The search warrant was based … Continue reading

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MI grants review in zoning drone case: Long Lake Twp. v. Maxon

Michigan SCt to set argument on whether it violates the Fourth Amendment to use a drone for aerial photography in zoning disputes. Long Lake Twp. v. Maxon, 2023 Mich. LEXIS 768 (May 24, 2023).* The issues: “(1) whether the appellee … Continue reading

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M.D.Ga.: No right to challenge SW before execution

It isn’t apparent that there’s a right to challenge a search warrant before it is executed. (Rule 17 covers motions to quash subpoenas.) Even if there was, defendant doesn’t carry his burden. United States v. Crumpton, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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ID: Not telling arrestee reason for arrest in violation of statute not a 4A violation

Failure to notify an arrestee of the reason for his arrest in violation of the statute does not make the arrest violate the Fourth Amendment or state constitution. State v. Lancaster, 2022 Ida. LEXIS 133 (Nov. 1, 2022). There were … Continue reading

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W.D.Va.: Def’s resisting execution of a SW was a factor in finding dangerousness to deny release pending trial

Defendant’s resisting his arrest, including a search warrant, was a factor in denying release pending trial. United States v. Wagoner, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 25232 (W.D.Va. Feb. 11, 2022). Questions of fact exist on whether plaintiff’s forced digital rectal exam … Continue reading

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CT scan for swallowed SD card with alleged CP

WaPo: Maryland judge about to be arrested dies in apparent suicide recounts his CT scan with a search warrant to locate an SD card with alleged child porn he swallowed to hide it from investigators.

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CT: Statutorily required HIV testing in sex case without showing of need violated state constitution

Compulsory HIV testing of a person accused in a sex crime violates the state constitution’s privacy and search and seizure provision. There is a lack of medical justification for it. State v. Bemer, 2021 Conn. LEXIS 205 (July 14, 2021). … Continue reading

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CA7: Groin search for drugs on side of highway was reasonable

Defendant’s side-of-the-road groin search and the reach into his underwear for a ball of drugs was reasonable on the totality. Brown v. Kazmierski, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 19962 (7th Cir. July 6, 2021):

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PA: DUI with agg. assault was sufficiently exigent to dispense with SW for BAC

Defendant was accused of DUI and aggravated assault, and the officer decided that the additional complexity of investigating the assault charge made a warrantless blood draw exigent. It didn’t matter that the state charged him with the assault two months … Continue reading

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MO: DNA could be taken from def’s genitalia without a warrant on arrest shortly after alleged crime because of exigency

Exigent circumstances permitted the police to take DNA samples from defendant’s genitalia within minutes of an alleged rape. Time was of the essence because the DNA could be lost if defendant were left to his own devices or even possibly … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Random Covid testing reasonable search under special needs doctrine

Assuming random Covid testing of NYC school children is a Fourth Amendment search, the court applies Vernonia School District 47J and special needs and finds it reasonable. Aviles v. De Blasio, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 38930 (S.D. N.Y. Mar. 2, … Continue reading

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CA1: Controlled buys were RS for a later stop

“Based on the previous controlled drug sales in which agents had seen Ochan participate — including the sale that day — agents had specific knowledge that Ochan sold drugs. From there, the sequence of events on the day of Tom’s … Continue reading

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