Category Archives: Issue preclusion

D.N.D.: Defs showed no connection to the premises as overnight guests to have standing

Defendants had no real connection to the place searched to have standing. “There was no evidence presented to support the Defendants’ allegation that they had permission from the owners (Stevens and Levings) to stay in the home as overnight guests. … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: Holding back on 4A claim in habeas was waiver and Stone barred

2254 petitioner had a duty to raise his alleged search claims timely in state court, and his failure to do so “doomed” that claim on habeas. Claiming a desire to raise it later is almost certainly too little too late. … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: Challenge to PC for revo warrant has to be made in the district where the warrant comes from

Challenge to the probable cause for a revocation warrant has to be made in the district issuing it, not this one where defendant currently resides. United States v. Carranza-Cruz, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31590 (S.D. Cal. Feb. 23, 2024).* The … Continue reading

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E.D.N.C.: Shed on curtilage shown on Google satellite image attached to affidavit was properly searched although not specified in SW

A shed by the house was properly searched under a warrant for the house. “As a general rule, a supporting affidavit or document may be read together with (and considered a part of) a warrant that otherwise lacks sufficient particularity … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Terry stop with guns drawn was reasonable here

An otherwise lawful Terry stop wasn’t made unreasonable because officers, fearing a weapon, approached with guns drawn. United States v. Thomas, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 234913 (D. Minn. Dec. 13, 2023), adopted 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21178 (D. Minn. Feb. … Continue reading

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CA9: Questioning motorist about probation status for 10 seconds and safety reasons was reasonable

Questioning defendant about his probation or parole status, albeit for about 10 seconds and clearly for safety reasons, did not unreasonably extend the stop. United States v. Beltran, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 2003 (9th Cir. Jan. 30, 2024). There was … Continue reading

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CA8: Affiant officer’s belief that criminals brag about crimes on social media allows cell phone search in a gun case

“We conclude the affidavit adequately established probable cause that Ivey’s cell phone would contain evidence of a firearms offense. Officers found the phone in Ivey’s possession while he was located in a vehicle with a gun under his seat. The … Continue reading

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D.R.I.: SW required for a short term CSLI Tower Dump

Finding short term CSLI obtained by a cell phone tower dump also protected by the Fourth Amendment, the court holds, disagreeing with other courts, that a warrant was required, but the good faith exception applies. An long, interesting opinion. “The … Continue reading

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CA2: Reason to believe ptf was inside justified entry with arrest warrant under Payton

Officers had an arrest warrant for plaintiff, and that gave them the ability to enter his home to look for him under Payton when they had a reasonable belief he was inside. Engelmayer v. Engelmayer, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 1617 … Continue reading

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ND: Driver couldn’t consent to search of passenger’s backpack

The driver of a car could not consent to search of a backpack that by all accounts belonged to the passenger. It was where he sat, and the driver said it wasn’t hers. Inside was men’s clothes and stuff. State … Continue reading

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KS: PC for truck extended to its fifth-wheel trailer

With probable cause to search defendant’s truck, that extended to the fifth-wheel trailer it was towing. State v. Crudo, 2024 Kan. LEXIS 4 (Jan. 12, 2024). The “Rodriguez moment” came when the officer asked for consent to search. On the … Continue reading

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DE: Challenge to search after PG doesn’t show actual innocence

After acquired information that a cell site simulator might have been misused doesn’t show actual innocence or undermine guilty plea. “The appellant pleaded guilty, and his assertion that he has new evidence that law enforcement illegally or improperly used cell-site … Continue reading

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CA11: Austrian SW executed in Austria couldn’t be questioned here under “act of state” doctrine

Plaintiff, apparently while in the United States, had his property in Austria searched by Austrian authorities with an Austrian search warrant. [Aside from what jurisdiction is there here?,] The “act of state” doctrine prohibits a U.S. court from questioning the … Continue reading

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W.D.Okla.: When officer’s observation obviates the reason for the stop, the already initiated warrant check can be completed

Defendant was stopped for suspected DUI and a warrant check was called for. The officer promptly learned that defendant wasn’t DUI, but it was reasonable to still wait for the warrant check to be completed, here just a couple of … Continue reading

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N.D.Tex.: Video camera in pretrial detainee’s cell that showed the toilet was reasonable

“Ellis alleges that the placement of cameras in his cell that could record the toilet violated his Fourth Amendment right to privacy and constituted a state tort of invasion of privacy. ECF No. 19 at 19-22. But a pretrial detainee … Continue reading

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N-M: 94-day delay in getting cell phone SW was unreasonable; GFE not applicable

The search of defendant’s iPhones and iPads lacked probable cause at the time it happened. His wife had apparent authority to search because she knew the passcodes but that doesn’t equate to her apparent authority to seize them. Also, the … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Controlled buy at def’s door + sound from inside = protective sweep

Officers did a controlled buy [used to be called “buy-bust”] of drugs and then used the alleged noise from inside to justify a protective sweep. The protective sweep was valid. Defendant was in the doorway and Santana (1976) justified the … Continue reading

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W.D.N.C.: No REP against being tracked by bait bill tracker from bank robbery

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy to not be tracked by a device planted in bait bills taken in a bank robbery. United States v. Day, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 226779 (W.D. N.C. Nov. 6, 2023), adopted 2023 U.S. … Continue reading

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NM: No valid purpose for impoundment and inventory of def’s car parked in his own driveway

Impoundment and inventory of defendant’s car parked in his own driveway was unreasonable. There was no valid community caretaking function to be served here. State v. Ontiveros, 2023 N.M. LEXIS 281 (Dec. 18, 2023). 2254 petitioner had a full and … Continue reading

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C.D.Ill.: No RS car with SC plates and tinted windows violated IL law

There was no reasonable suspicion that the window tinting on a car with South Carolina plates found in Illinois violated Illinois law. United States v. Timms, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 220195 (C.D. Ill. Dec. 8, 2023).* Plaintiff state prisoner’s § … Continue reading

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