Archives for: December 2013, 22

12/22/13

Permalink 10:25:08 am, by fourth, 100 words, 334 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NPR: 1979 Supreme Court Ruling Becomes Focus Of NSA Tactics

Permalink 10:23:34 am, by fourth, 57 words, 232 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NPR: The NSA Gets a Report Card, On The Media

Permalink 10:17:12 am, by fourth, 113 words, 211 views   English (US)
Categories: General

WaPo: Americans uneasy about surveillance but often use snooping tools online

Permalink 10:10:44 am, by fourth, 54 words, 259 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NLJ.com: Landmark Surveillance Ruling a Test for Changing D.C. Circuit

Permalink 09:47:41 am, by fourth, 48 words, 284 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NYT: Researchers Hack Webcam While Disabling Warning Lights

NYT: Researchers Hack Webcam While Disabling Warning Lights by Nick Bilton (http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/19/researchers-hack-webcam-while-disabling-warning-lights/?ref=technology):

=> Read more!

Permalink 09:38:59 am, by fourth, 73 words, 224 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NYT: White House Tries to Prevent Judge From Ruling on Surveillance Efforts

Permalink 09:36:21 am, by fourth, 77 words, 197 views   English (US)
Categories: General

NYT Editorial: Bad Times for Big Brother

Permalink 03:48:16 am, by fourth, 260 words, 339 views   English (US)
Categories: General

M.D.Fla.: Reference to crime under investigation is usually sufficient for particularity

1982's Wuagneux still lives as the leading particularity case. This warrant referring to the crimes under investigation for particularity wasn’t overbroad. United States v. Kermali, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 178169 (M.D. Fla. November 27, 2013):

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Permalink 03:33:56 am, by fourth, 240 words, 181 views   English (US)
Categories: General

M.D.Ga.: A vague, unsubstantiated hunch isn't RS

“The deputy here acknowledges that prior to the canine alert on the vehicle and his unrelated questioning of Defendant and Weeks, he only had an undefined suspicion that something was not quite right. He had no specific articulable suspicion—only a vague hunch. The vagueness of his hunch is understandable. All he knew was that the driver had followed another vehicle too closely, appeared to change lanes abruptly, and that both the driver and the passenger appeared nervous. These observations are simply insufficient to warrant an extension of a routine traffic stop to allow for questioning unrelated to the traffic offense and to permit a drug dog to sniff the car.” But, tossing the drugs in flight was a waiver of any reasonable expectation of privacy. United States v. Hickson, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 177626 (M.D. Ga. December 18, 2013),* reconsideration denied 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18101 (M.D. Ga. February 13, 2014).*

Officers had exigent circumstances for a warrantless entry into defendant’s apartment. He was armed and believed to have just been involved in a robbery, and there was a small child inside. United States v. Evans, 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 25321, 2013 FED App. 1030N (6th Cir. December 16, 2013).

2255 can’t be used to reargue the case, including the suppression motion. “Because both trial and appellate counsel did advance the type of arguments Gonzales complains about in this § 2255 proceeding, this ineffectiveness claim fails.” United States v. Gonzales, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 178082 (S.D. Tex. October 28, 2013).*

Permalink 03:15:05 am, by fourth, 237 words, 189 views   English (US)
Categories: General

N.D.W.Va.: Defendant's 11 yo son letting cops in wasn't consent, and it didn't invalidate later SW

Officers encountered defendant’s 11 year old son when they arrived to do a knock-and-talk. They asked for defendant and he said that defendant was inside, and he took them in. Defendant’s son is not treated as consenting to the entry, but defendant never objected to the officers being in the house either. When defendant was asked for consent, he refused, and the officers obtained a valid search warrant. United States v. Belt, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 178891 (N.D. W.Va. December 20, 2013), R&R 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 178888 (N.D. W.Va. November 8, 2013)*:

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Permalink 03:00:26 am, by fourth, 205 words, 246 views   English (US)
Categories: General

CA9: Comment on refusing consent was not plain error where no objection

AUSA’s unobjected-to comment in closing argument defendant didn’t consent to taking biological samples in a murder case was not plain error. United States v. Zamastil, 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 25411 (9th Cir. December 20, 2013):

=> Read more!

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by John Wesley Hall
Criminal Defense Lawyer and
  Fourth Amendment consultant
Little Rock, Arkansas
Contact / The Book
Search and seizure law consulting
www.johnwesleyhall.com

© 2003-14, online since Feb. 24, 2003

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URL hits since 2010

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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citations, and links

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Most recent SCOTUS cases:
2009 to date:

2013-14 Term:
  Riley v. California, granted Jan.17, argued Apr. 29 (ScotusBlog)
  United States v. Wurie, granted Jan.17, argued Apr. 29 (ScotusBlog)
  Plumhoff v. Rickard, granted Nov. 15, argued Mar. 4 (ScotusBlog)
  Stanton v. Sims, 134 S.Ct. 3, 187 L. Ed. 2d 341 (Nov. 4, 2013) (per curiam)
  Navarette v. California, granted Oct.1, argued Jan. 21 (ScotusBlog)
  Fernandez v. California, 134 S.Ct. 1126, 188 L. Ed. 2d 25 (Feb. 25) (ScotusBlog)

2012-13 Term:
  Maryland v. King, 133 S.Ct. 1958, 186 L.Ed.2d 1 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
  Missouri v. McNeeley, 133 S.Ct. 1552, 185 L.Ed.2d 696 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
  Bailey v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 1031, 185 L.Ed.2d 19 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
  Florida v. Harris, 133 S.Ct. 1050, 185 L.Ed.2d 61 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
  Florida v. Jardines, 133 S.Ct. 1409, 185 L.Ed.2d 495 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
  Clapper v. Amnesty International USA, 133 S.Ct. 1138, 185 L.Ed.2d 264 (2013) (ScotusBlog)

2011-12 Term:
  Ryburn v. Huff, 132 S.Ct. 987, 181 L.Ed.2d 966 (2012) (other blog)
  Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders, 132 S.Ct. 1510, 182 L.Ed.2d 566 (2012) (ScotusBlog)
  United States v. Jones, 132 S.Ct. 945, 181 L.Ed.2d 911 (2012) (ScotusBlog)
  Messerschmidt v. Millender, 132 S.Ct. 1235, 182 L.Ed.2d 47 (2012) (ScotusBlog)

2010-11 Term:
  Kentucky v. King, 131 S.Ct. 1849, 179 L.Ed.2d 865 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
  Camreta v. Greene, 131 S.Ct. 2020, 179 L.Ed.2d 1118 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
  Ashcroft v. al-Kidd, 131 S.Ct. 2074, 179 L.Ed.2d 1149 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
  Davis v. United States, 131 S.Ct. 2419, 180 L.Ed.2d 285 (2011) (ScotusBlog)

2009-10 Term:

  Michigan v. Fisher, 558 U.S. 45, 130 S.Ct. 546, 175 L.Ed.2d 410 (2009) (per curiam) (ScotusBlog)
  City of Ontario v. Quon, 560 U.S. 746, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 177 L.Ed.2d 216 (2010) (ScotusBlog)

2008-09 Term:
  Herring v. United States, 555 U.S. 135, 129 S.Ct. 695, 172 L.Ed.2d 496 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
  Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223, 129 S.Ct. 808, 172 L.Ed.2d 565 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
  Arizona v. Johnson, 555 U.S. 323, 129 S.Ct. 781, 172 L.Ed.2d 694 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
  Arizona v. Gant, 556 U.S. 332, 129 S.Ct. 1710, 173 L.Ed.2d 485 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
  Safford Unified School District #1 v. Redding, 557 U.S. 364, 129 S.Ct. 2633, 174 L.Ed.2d 354 (2009) (ScotusBlog)


Research Links:
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  Findlaw.com
  Findlaw.com (4th Amd)
  Westlaw.com $
  F.R.Crim.P. 41
  www.fd.org

  FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide (2008) (pdf)
  DEA Agents Manual (2002) (download)
  DOJ Computer Search Manual (2009) (pdf)

  Congressional Research Service:
    Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012)
    Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012)
    Outline of Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012)
    Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012)
    Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Discussion of Proposed Revisions (2012)

  ACLU on privacy
  Privacy Foundation
  Electronic Privacy Information Center
  Criminal Appeal (post-conviction) (9th Cir.)
  Section 1983 Blog

"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
—Me

"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud

"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).

"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).

Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment.
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).

"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).

"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)

"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)

"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).

"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)

"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)

“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)

“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)

"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards

"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]

“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”
Pepé Le Pew

"There is never enough time, unless you are serving it."
Malcolm Forbes

"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)


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