A few days ago, I posted United States v. Thomas, one of about 64 P2P search cases nationwide. This one case, for some reason, caught the attention of writers about Internet privacy. Knowing this issue isn't new, I did a Lexis search and I estimate 64 reported criminal cases (since 2006) have already held there is no reasonable expectation of privacy in a computer left on running P2P. The commonality of this issue is now being recognized:
The testifying officer heard the drug deal go down on a wire and watched the defendant go in his house and get the drugs and return for the sale. That’s PC. Any falsity in the information or testimony was mere oversight and not deliberate. State v. Hudson, 2013-Ohio-4967, 2013 Ohio App. LEXIS 5167 (11th Dist. November 12, 2013).*
No basis to file a motion to suppress, so no IAC. Moore v. State, 2013 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 969 (November 6, 2013).*
Defendant’s girlfriend consented to an entry into the property, and then defendant consented to a patdown inside. State v. Stephens, 2013-Ohio-5008, 2013 Ohio App. LEXIS 5206 (5th Dist. November 7, 2013).*
Officers had a search warrant for defendant’s vehicle with plenty of probable cause. Defendant fled from the vehicle, however, effectively abandoning it, and that’s all the court needs to say. United States v. Smith, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 161722 (D. Minn. October 31, 2013).*
Officer’s testimony he saw the gun in plain view was credited by the district court and the evidence clearly supports that conclusion. United States v. Cunningham, 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 22902 (4th Cir. November 13, 2013).*
A search in Mexico was authorized by defendant’s landlord, which Mexican officers believed was valid and represented it to be valid. It’s not clear it was valid, but, assuming the search was invalid, the good faith exception still applies. State v. Johnson, 2013 WI App 140, 352 Wis. 2d 98, 841 N.W.2d 302 (2013):
A gun in the house is not an exigent circumstance, but reasonable suspicion of its use is. State v. Mattocks, 2013-Ohio-4965, 2013 Ohio App. LEXIS 5168 (11th Dist. November 12, 2013):
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays
down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its
application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect
results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at
bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping
government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having
and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that
the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and
safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing
can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws,
or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment.
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that
bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the
police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater
than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have
frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And
so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his
case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated
here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the
bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly
exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth
Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in
an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to
protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born
to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded
rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men
of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted
intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by
government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose
it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want /
But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for
the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came
for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by
now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”
—Pepé Le Pew
"There is never enough time, unless you are serving it."
"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)