The Hill: NYPD chief Kelly: More people will die without stop-and-frisk policy by Meghashyam Mali:
NPR: Cracking The Code: Just How Does Encrypted Email Work? by NPR Staff:
Dog handler’s belief that something might be found was not sufficient to invalidate the dog’s alert. United States v. Guidry, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 116205 (E.D. Wis. July 1, 2013):
Defendant cannot suppress his assault on a police officer during an alleged illegal entry, even if it was an illegal entry. State v. Dickson, 2013 Ohio 3511, 2013 Ohio App. LEXIS 3616 (9th Dist. August 14, 2013).*
Defendant was on supervised release out of Las Vegas federal court. His RV was seized by a search warrant in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Nevada court has no jurisdiction to entertain a motion for return of property under Rule 41(g). United States v. Myers, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 116339 (D. Nev. August 15, 2013).
Defendant was a passenger in a car that was lawfully searched as a protective weapons search under Long and then with a search warrant. Defendant put forth nothing to show standing, and his motion is denied. United States v. Doe, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 114766 (W.D. N.C. August 14, 2013).*
The court of appeals did not err in holding that the valid stop was not “measurably extended” by incidental questions. “We also note that the proper inquiry is not whether an officer ‘unreasonably’ extended the duration of the traffic stop with his off-topic questions but whether he ‘measurably’ extended it. See Johnson, supra. This is a temporal inquiry, not a reasonableness inquiry.” State v. Provet, 402 S.C. 101, 747 S.E.2d 453 (2013), affg State v. Provet, 391 S.C. 494, 706 S.E.2d 513 (App. 2011).
Defendant’s computer was operating peer-to-peer, and it was not an invasion of privacy for police to use the Round Up program to remotely check for child pornography on his computer. That led to a valid state search warrant for his computer. While he was not immediately given an inventory for the seizure, this is not a significant enough violation of Rule 41 to matter. [If it’s a state search warrant, Rule 41 doesn’t apply; just the Fourth Amendment, anyway.] United States v. Franklin, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 116258 (W.D. Ark. August 16, 2013).*
Defendant’s protective sweep was invalid, but the search warrant later issued was an independent source for everything found because it had an independent basis. United States v. Byam, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 116147 (E.D. N.Y. August 15, 2013).*
Court finds three officers’ testimony incredible on seeing defendant having a gun and letting him get out of the car with it and never saying a word about the gun until after it’s seized. United States v. Mayo, 960 F. Supp. 2d 419 (E.D. N.Y. 2013):
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Clapper v. Amnesty International USA, 133 S.Ct. 1138, 185 L.Ed.2d 264 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Ryburn v. Huff, 132 S.Ct. 987, 181 L.Ed.2d 966 (2012) (other blog)
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Messerschmidt v. Millender, 132 S.Ct. 1235, 182 L.Ed.2d 47 (2012) (ScotusBlog)
Kentucky v. King, 131 S.Ct. 1849, 179 L.Ed.2d 865 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
Camreta v. Greene, 131 S.Ct. 2020, 179 L.Ed.2d 1118 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
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Michigan v. Fisher, 558 U.S. 45, 130 S.Ct. 546, 175 L.Ed.2d 410 (2009) (per curiam) (ScotusBlog)
City of Ontario v. Quon, 560 U.S. 746, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 177 L.Ed.2d 216 (2010) (ScotusBlog)
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays
down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its
application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect
results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at
bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping
government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having
and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that
the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and
safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing
can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws,
or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment.
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that
bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the
police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater
than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have
frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And
so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his
case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated
here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the
bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly
exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth
Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in
an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to
protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born
to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded
rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men
of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted
intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by
government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose
it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want /
But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for
the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came
for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by
now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”
—Pepé Le Pew
"There is never enough time, unless you are serving it."
"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)