Search Results for: dog

CA11: Shooting ptf’s dog gets no QI here

Alleged unnecessary shooting of plaintiff’s dog stated claim with no qualified immunity. Plowright v. Miami Dade Cty., 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13613 (11th Cir. June 5, 2024):

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FL: Driver can be ordered from car before dog sniff under Mimms

“We hold that binding Fourth Amendment precedent permits a K-9 officer arriving midway through a lawful traffic stop to command the driver to exit the vehicle for officer safety before conducting a lawful vehicle sweep.” [Mimms] State v. Creller, 2024 … Continue reading

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CA5: CBP dog sniffing for people was PC even if it couldn’t differentiate between the driver and alleged hidden passengers

A CBP dog trained to sniff for people provided reasonable suspicion even against the argument of how the dog could differentiate between the truck driver and hidden passengers. United States v. Martinez, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 12043 (5th Cir. May … Continue reading

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D.Kan.: Drug dog touching car door handle with nose isn’t unreasonable search

The drug dog touching the vehicle door handle with its nose was not an unreasonable search. United States v. Green, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88401 (D. Kan. May 16, 2024). Defendant’s 2255 wasn’t timely. “Even if Williams’s motion were timely, … Continue reading

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D.Utah: Drug dog arriving within 7 minutes was reasonable and part of the initial stop

Defendant’s phone was pinged by Utah court order, but it left the state and was spot checked when out-of-state. “Further, the ping data that ultimately led to the traffic stop at issue was collected while phone 3145 was in Utah. … Continue reading

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DE: Officers approaching men on a stoop at night with a police dog saying “nobody move” was a seizure

Officers approaching men on a stoop at 10 pm with a police dog and saying “nobody move” was a seizure. Here it was with reasonable suspicion based on a CI’s information that was detailed, reliable, and significantly corroborated. State v. … Continue reading

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E.D.Ky.: When court can’t tell the dog alerted, motion to suppress granted

The court reviewing the dashcam video repeatedly cannot tell that the dog alerts at all. Motion to suppress granted. United States v. Edmonds, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 74570 (E.D. Ky. Apr. 24, 2024). Update: techdirt: Court To Cops: If We … Continue reading

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OH2: Police responding to report of shot dog who heard an animal had exigency to enter the curtilage

“Based upon the evidence presented, we conclude the trial court did not err in denying the motion to suppress. The search of the home and surrounding premises was reasonable because the officers believed an injured animal was on the premises … Continue reading

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N.D.Iowa: Drug dog sticking his nose in the open window of car was a search, and here without PC

The drug dog’s sticking his nose in the open window of defendant’s car was a search, and here without probable cause. United States v. Handley, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 64531 (N.D. Iowa Apr. 9, 2024). This search warrant is particular … Continue reading

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techdirt: Court To Cops: There’s No ‘Instinct Exception’ For Drug Dogs Handlers Refuse To Handle

techdirt: Court To Cops: There’s No ‘Instinct Exception’ For Drug Dogs Handlers Refuse To Handle by Tim Cushing (“Officers who handle drug dogs like to claim they’re so highly skilled at animal handling they can recognize otherwise imperceptible moves by … Continue reading

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AR: Computer crash losing drug dog’s performance record doesn’t doom search

The loss of the drug dog’s performance record from a computer crash didn’t make the dog’s alert on the highway unreasonable because those records are of marginal importance. The circuit court resolved credibility questions. No inference of spoliation will be … Continue reading

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N.D.Ala.: By the time the drug dog entered the car, there already was PC

The drug dog entered the car on the second attempt. But defendant left the door open, and the smell of marijuana was evident. The officer held the dog back in case there was something hazardous in the car. Still, not … Continue reading

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WI: Drug dog’s entering car was trespass, and “instinct exception,” even if it could be recognized, doesn’t apply

Drug dog’s twice entering defendant’s car without probable cause was a common law trespass under Jones and Jardines, and the police unlawfully gained information from that. The court rejects the “instinct exception” for the dog on the facts here, even … Continue reading

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WI: Drug dog “instinct exception” not applicable here, even if it is ever adopted

The court declines to adopt, at least for now, a drug dog’s “instinct exception” for the dog entering defendant’s car. Other courts have adopted that exception, but factually it doesn’t even apply here because the court finds the dog was … Continue reading

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CA8: Police dog’s accidental biting of guest of officer not 4A excessive force

Police dog’s charging and biting a guest of the officer was accidental, not excessive force. Fourth Amendment claim dismissed. Whitworth v. Kling, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 1039 (8th Cir. Jan. 17, 2024) (The court cited a 1999 Arkansas case that … Continue reading

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CA2: Dog sniff of def’s car in driveway was done in GF reliance on law at time

Acting on a tip, officers did a dog sniff of defendant’s covered car parked in his driveway, and they used that to get a warrant for it. Collins didn’t come along until the following year. The officers laid it all … Continue reading

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IL: Dog’s alert before trespass on the car meant GFE applied

Where the dog indicated an alert almost immediately and before the dog trespassed on the car, the officer had probable cause, and the good faith exception would be applied. People v. Kendricks, 2023 IL App (4th) 230179, 2023 Ill. App. … Continue reading

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NY: Dog sniff of the person is a search

A dog sniff of the person is a search. There is a greater zone of privacy for the person than an inanimate object. People v. Butler, 2023 NY Slip Op 06468, 2023 N.Y. LEXIS 2023 (Dec. 19, 2023), aff’g and … Continue reading

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D.N.J.: Expert saying drug dog not reliable not a Franks issue

Defendant’s expert report that the drug dog here wasn’t reliable doesn’t make a Franks challenge. Besides, there was good faith as to it. United States v. Estevez-Castillo, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 221601 (D.N.J. Dec. 13, 2023). That officers created the … Continue reading

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CA5: Siccing police dog on woman in mental health crisis was excessive force; no crime involved

“Without any further attempts to subdue Sligh without the use of a dog bite, and without providing Sligh any warning that she may be subjected to a dog bite if she did not comply, Sutton sicced a dog on a … Continue reading

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