DC: Lights, coming out of car with hand on gun, and “Let me see your hands” was a seizure

This was a show of authority: “With the emergency lights activated, each officer exited the vehicle and yelled, ‘Let me see your hands’ and quickly approached Mr. Mitchell. Officer Phillip had a hand on her firearm while doing so. Officers Phillip and Pantaleon’s conduct constituted a show of authority sufficient for a seizure because any innocent, reasonable person in Mr. Mitchell’s position would believe that compliance with the officers’ commands under those circumstances was required and not subject to being merely disregarded. Michigan v. Chesternut, 486 U.S. 567, 574, 108 S. Ct. 1975, 100 L. Ed. 2d 565 (1988) (explaining that the reasonable person standard, in the context of a seizure ‘does not vary with the state of mind of the particular individual being approached’).” Mitchell v. United States, 2024 D.C. App. LEXIS 181 (May 9, 2024).*

HSI and NCIS had a search warrant for an early morning child pornography search. Defendant was explicitly told he was not being arrested, and he was not “in custody” for Miranda purposes when he made a statement. United States v. Cunningham, 2024 CCA LEXIS 182 (N-M Ct. Crim. App. May 8, 2024).*

Defendant arrived in Chicago on a flight from Italy, and his cell phone was taken and validly border searched. United States v. Didani, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83897 (E.D. Mich. May 8, 2024).*

This entry was posted in Border search, Cell phones, Custody, Seizure. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.