W.D.Pa.: Penn State’s Covid testing was reasonable under the 4A

The University’s Covid-19 testing does not violate the Fourth Amendment. Roman Cath. Diocese of Brooklyn v. Cuomo, 141 S. Ct. 63, 67, 208 L. Ed. 2d 206 (2020) (“Stemming the spread of COVID-19 is a compelling interest.”); Klaassen v. Trs. of Ind. Univ., 7 F.4th 592, 593-94 (7th Cir. 2021) (finding mandatory vaccination or weekly testing a reasonable condition of enrollment at a university). Plaintiff also alleged it was a taking of his DNA, but it surely wasn’t. Homer v. Pa. State Univ., 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 139794 (W.D.Pa. Aug. 10, 2023).

Officers responded to a silent alarm at a bank and found only one car in the lot, and the occupants were almost completely uncooperative. After they refused to cooperate, getting them out of the car wasn’t easy. Pulling a gun at one point was justified. Jones v. Long, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 20759 (6th Cir. Aug. 9, 2023).*

“Here, it is undisputed that Brown had his hands up. And we have no doubt that shooting into the car posed a substantial risk of serious bodily harm to him. But the driver had just led police on a reckless, high-speed chase, which involved swerving into oncoming traffic, hitting a police car, and resisting efforts to stop the car by other means. By the time officers started shooting, the car had run over one officer’s legs and was headed toward others. All things considered, officers acted reasonably in using deadly force, and the district court didn’t err in granting summary judgment.” Estate of Brown v. West, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 20782 (8th Cir. Aug. 10, 2023).*

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