Defendant explicitly waived his Fourth Amendment claim in the district court, so he can’t appeal it. United States v. Concepcion-Guliam, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 5830 (1st Cir. Mar. 10, 2023).
Delaware’s loitering statute gives the officer the right to ask for suspect detained on reasonable suspicion for his name, and then the officer can give a warning to move along. That does not violate the Fourth Amendment. State v. McDougal, 2023 Del. Super. LEXIS 113 (Mar. 7, 2023).*
There was probable cause for a stop and then search of this car. It came up as stolen on an LPN search, and the smell of marijuana was evident, and paraphernalia was in plain view. United States v. Sharp, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 5764 (6th Cir. Mar. 9, 2023).*