IA: “Driving while black” rejected because stop was objectively reasonable

Defendant sought to cast his stop as pretextual and “driving while black,” but it’s rejected because the stop was objectively reasonable. “We conclude that while the officer’s actions placed Cyrus in a situation with an unarguable ‘moral and instinctive pressure[ ] to cooperate,’ Officer Morgan did not engage in conduct recognized by our courts as a coercive environment ‘significantly beyond that accepted in social intercourse’ constituting an illegal seizure. See Fogg, 936 N.W.2d at 670 (quoting 4 LaFave, Search and Seizure § 9.4(a), at 581-82). Therefore, we affirm the district court’s denial of Cyrus’s motion to suppress.” State v. Cyrus, 2023 Iowa App. LEXIS 37 (Jan. 11, 2023).

Corroboration of the CI’s innocent details makes the whole story more believable. Here, there was probable cause when coupled with a dog sniff. United States v. Rivera, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3961 (D. Minn. Jan. 10, 2023).*

This wasn’t a traffic stop; it was a felony stop based on probable cause. United States v. Gordon, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 235042 (E.D. Mo. Nov. 16, 2022).*

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