Defendant encountered four officers standing on a landing, and they impeded his movements. This amounted to a seizure. United States v. Jackson, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 194856 (D.N.J. Oct. 26, 2022).
Mistaken identity on the person being seized is usually irrelevant. The question is objective reasonableness. Herndon v. Gillis, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 29815 (9th Cir. Oct. 26, 2022).*
Defendant claimed he was driving the car that was searched at some point, but he was removed from it from the passenger side. Another occupant fled and had the keys. Defendant said he was driving with permission, but he calls no witness to establish that. Also, his DL was suspended. No standing. United States v. Smith, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 194923 (E.D. Tenn. Sep. 16, 2022),* adopted, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 194141 (E.D. Tenn. Oct. 25, 2022).*