Defendant’s stop for following too close was without probable cause and unreasonable because a truck pulled in front of him, and the officer didn’t give him time to back off before the stop occurred. United States v. Grant, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 126344 (W.D. Ark. July 10, 2020) (R&R; FPD represented the defendant; PACER shows the government moved to dismiss the indictment three days later rather than challenge the R&R; 26 pounds of cocaine).
Defendant was a mere passenger in the car stopped by the police, and he thus lacked standing in the car. Stuff piled on the ground was properly searched by the police with exigent circumstances and probable cause on belief there might be a weapon in there. United States v. Michael, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 125614 (W.D. N.Y. May 22, 2020).*