Search of defendant’s backpack in a vehicle was justified by reasonable suspicion under Terry it contained a weapon. Alternatively, the backpack search could have been permitted under inventory. United States v. McGinnist, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69325 (E.D. Mich. Apr. 20, 2020).
Illegal backing justified a stop on reasonable suspicion, and the proof in the officer’s mind doesn’t have to be substantial. United States v. Mansaw, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69337 (D. Kan. Apr. 20, 2020).
Excessive force claims are governed by the Fourth Amendment, not the Fourteenth Amendment. Real v. Perry, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 12723 (11th Cir. Apr. 21, 2020); Jeffers v. Lyons, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 14203 (4th Cir. May 4, 2020).