“Iowa Supreme Court precedent holds that the odor of marijuana emanating from a person, by itself, when detected by a police officer, who has adequate knowledge and training to recognize the smell, constitutes probable cause. The district court incorrectly found otherwise and improperly granted Carter’s motion to suppress.” State v. Carter, 2019 Iowa App. LEXIS 588 (June 5, 2019).
There was reasonable suspicion for defendant’s stop after he came down a dead end street of closed businesses at 2 am. Simple questions about what he was doing led to further reasonable suspicion. The request for consent to search was also reasonable and minimally invasive. State v. Brown, 2019 Wisc. App. LEXIS 312 (June 5, 2019).*