Raw marijuana shake around in the front area of the car was probable cause for a search. State v. James, 2016-Ohio-7660, 2016 Ohio App. LEXIS 4531 (5th Dist. Oct. 31, 2016).
“In conclusion, Pankey is incorrect to present this case as one of ‘mere odor.’ (Def.’s Mtn. 7). Under Carter, Champion, and Loucks, Homiak’s observation of marijuana odor plus visual observation of marijuana, Pankey’s nervousness, Pankey’s possession of multiple phones, and Pankey’s location on a drug delivery corridor combined to provide probable cause to search the trunk for contraband.” United States v. Pankey, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155723 (E.D.Va. Nov. 8, 2016).*
There is no federal or state constitutional privacy right in public body emails in a private email account. The state courts had already held that as to cell phones. West v. Vermillion, 2016 Wash. App. LEXIS 2701 (Nov. 8, 2016).*