Category Archives: Standards of review

OH2: Not clearly erroneous for court to rely on dashcam over officer’s testimony re stop

The trial court could rely on the dashcam video over the officer’s testimony where there was an apparent contradiction. State v. Wilson, 2017-Ohio-9317, 2017 Ohio App. LEXIS 5816 (2d Dist. Dec. 29, 2017). Defendant’s stop was based on reasonable suspicion … Continue reading

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MO: Where 2 SWs authorize search, both have to be suppressed for def to prevail; challenging only one is moot

There were two search warrants authorizing the search of defendant’s computers for child pornography. He challenged the second but not the first, and that makes his argument moot. State v. Cato, 2017 Mo. App. LEXIS 1298 (Dec. 12, 2017). A … Continue reading

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OH12: Without def bringing up a suppression hearing transcript, findings uncontradicted

With no transcript of the suppression hearing, there’s nothing to contradict the trial court’s findings. State v. Harding, 2017-Ohio-8930, 2017 Ohio App. LEXIS 5373 (12th Dist. Dec. 11, 2017). Defense counsel’s failure to file a motion to suppress wasn’t ineffective … Continue reading

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AZ: State didn’t argue GFE and court gives it a pass

The state didn’t raise the good faith exception in the trial court, but the court applies the “we can affirm on any ground” rule to apply it anyway. State v. Weakland, 2017 Ariz. App. LEXIS 202 (Nov. 28, 2017):

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OH12: Def’s petition for discretionary review dismissed for failure to file briefs leaves appellate result intact

The trial court suppressed but the court of appeals reversed. The supreme court granted discretionary review, but it was dismissed for defendant’s failure to file a brief. The case was remanded back to the trial court, and the appellate reversal … Continue reading

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NY: Officer safety a mixed question of law and fact with record support; affirmed

“The issue whether ‘the likelihood of a weapon in [defendant’s] car [was] substantial and the danger to the … safety [of the officers who stopped that vehicle was] “actual and specific”’ … presents a mixed question of law and fact … Continue reading

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TX4 seemingly applies wrong standard of review to RS

Defendant wasn’t seized just because he and an officer were conversing. On the totality, the trial court reasonably concluded that the officer had reasonable suspicion to continue it and ask for consent to search defendant’s wallet. [The court says, however: … Continue reading

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NC: Consent sought while officer holding DL wasn’t voluntary because here it was an unlawful seizure

“Defendant’s main argument appears to be that when Officer Sletten failed to return defendant’s identification after finding no outstanding warrants and after the initial reason for the detention was satisfied, he instead requested defendant’s consent to search, the seizure was … Continue reading

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MA: Trial judge’s omission of significant facts made finding of no exigency error

The trial judge’s finding that there were no exigent circumstances is reversed. Her findings of fact omitted serious facts in support of exigency, and thus was clearly erroneous. Commonwealth v. Arias, 2017 Mass. App. LEXIS 148 (Nov. 9, 2017):

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HI: Moving to suppress seizure of pill bottle incident to arrest didn’t cover later search of the bottle; issue waived

Defendant’s challenge to removal of a pill bottle from his person did not preserve a challenge to search of the pill bottle at the police station. “In any event, we conclude that Sado’s argument on appeal is without merit. Officer … Continue reading

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VT: Where no testimony supports the trial court’s finding of fact, the finding is clearly erroneous

“One of the findings could be based only on testimony from the officer: ‘Although [defendant’s girlfriend] had not expressly stated that [the officer] could come into the house, he interpreted her action as inviting him in.’ There is no testimony … Continue reading

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MA: Inventory was not shown to be pretextual and was within policy

The suppression hearing judge found the officer credible on the question of whether the inventory was pretextual and concluded it was not. As a credibility determination, it can’t be reversed on appeal. The inventory was otherwise reasonable. Commonwealth v. Ehiabhi, … Continue reading

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