Category Archives: Drug or alcohol testing

D.Me.: No exigent circumstances for BAC blood sample without SW

A Park Ranger in Acadia National Park in Maine followed Maine law to get a blood sample without a search warrant. There were no exigent circumstances, and the blood sample is suppressed. United States v. Manubolu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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TX1: SW to seize blood sample implicitly means it can be tested, too

A search warrant for a blood sample implicitly includes testing it. Davis v. State, 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 5990 (Tex. App. – Houston (1st Dist.) July 30, 2020). Probable cause existed for seizure of five years of defendant’s Gmail account. … Continue reading

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WI: Officer didn’t have PC for BAC warrant until def was in hospital, and that was exigency

The officer didn’t have justification for a DWI blood warrant when he first arrived on the scene. That came later, and defendant was about to be administered painkillers in the hospital that would have degraded the BAC. There was exigency. … Continue reading

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CA9 applies QI standard to “egregious violations” of 4A for ICE entries

ICE entry onto appellant’s curtilage to arrest him was not an egregious violation of the Fourth Amendment, the court applying qualified immunity language to show it wasn’t. “At the time of the entry, no binding authority held that an officer’s … Continue reading

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LA: Failure to argue Schmerber in trial court was waiver

Defendant’s failure to argue Schmerber in the trial court was [essentially] waiver, and defendant didn’t show the trial court erred. State v. Michael, 2020 La. LEXIS 1347 (July 9, 2020):

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CA9: UA in prison is reasonable

“It is undisputed that urinalysis testing is a search under the Fourth Amendment and that drug testing in the prison context is generally constitutional unless it is conducted in an unreasonable manner. See Thompson v. Souza, 111 F.3d 694, 701 … Continue reading

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MT: Field test of seized drugs is a reasonable search

A field test of drugs seized off defendant’s person finding them presumptively methamphetamine is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment and the state constitution. There is no enlarged reasonable expectation of privacy as to them when seized. State v. Funkhouser, 2020 … Continue reading

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WA: Private party returning property to def’s house per request was private searcher

The observations of a private person returning something to defendant’s dwelling for him were a private search. The police had nothing to do with it. State v. Lake, 2020 Wash. App. LEXIS 1925 (June 30, 2020).* Reasonable jurists would not … Continue reading

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OH2: Furtive movement during knock-and-talk justified entry

Officers entered an apartment building with the consent of one of the tenants when they were investigating a threat with a firearm by one of the tenants. Their knock-and-talk at defendant’s door was reasonable, as was ordering him to open … Continue reading

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MN: McNeely retroactive under Birchfield

“The rule announced in Missouri v. McNeely, 569 U.S. 141, 133 S. Ct. 1552 (2013), that the dissipation of alcohol in the bloodstream is not a per se exigency justifying the warrantless search of a suspected impaired driver-applies retroactively when … Continue reading

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IL: Hospital drawing blood was not acting as an agent of the state

A hospital drawing blood was not acting as an agent of the state. People v. Deroo, 2020 IL App (3d) 170163, 2020 Ill. App. LEXIS 313 (May 20, 2020). Defendant’s motion to dismiss his indictment for seizure of a sheep … Continue reading

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SC: Def gets to litigate possible Mitchell exceptions on remand

Defendant is entitled to a remand to litigate whether a Mitchell warrantless BAC exception applies. State v. Key, 2020 S.C. LEXIS 71 (May 13, 2020). Defendant’s motion to suppress was properly denied by the good faith exception where obtaining of … Continue reading

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CA11: Shooting passenger in a car used as a weapon unreasonable

Shooting a passenger in a car that was allegedly used as a weapon was unreasonable because the passenger had no control over the car and his shooting wouldn’t stop the car. Robinson v. Rankin, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 15297 (11th … Continue reading

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D.Colo.: DEA subpoena for records of two pharmacies is enforced

The DEA’s subpoena to the Board of Pharmacy for controlled substances prescriptions for two pharmacies was reasonable and within the DEA’s jurisdiction. It is enforced. United States DOJ v. Colorado Bd. of Pharmacy, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69726 (D. Colo. … Continue reading

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AR: Error in officers’ testimony as to place actually searched was properly excluded at trial as potentially confusing where it was clearly def’s place

Police confusion at trial as to the address actually searched wasn’t relevant, and the trial court didn’t abuse its discretion in foreclosing questions about that for confusion of the issues. “But his argument ignores the undisputed proof that the drugs … Continue reading

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Cal.3: The evidence supports the conclusion that def consented to his blood draw

Substantial evidence supported the finding that defendant consented to his blood draw. After the officer instructed her that the implied consent law required her to undergo a blood draw, defendant did not object or refuse to undergo the test, did … Continue reading

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