Category Archives: Arrest or entry on arrest

CA10: QI denied over mistakenly obtained arrest warrant

A bunch of arrest warrant affidavits were executed in a drug sweep. Plaintiff’s, however, was seriously mistaken, and he was arrested. The district court’s qualified immunity summary judgment for him is reversed. Bickford v. Hensley, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 33400 … Continue reading

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AR: Video of arrest wasn’t claimed below to be a const’l claim, so it’s waived

Defendant sought to suppress the video of his arrest where he held a knife to his throat but he cited nothing for the Fourth, Fifth, or Sixth Amendment, but he did cite Rule 403. The state argued it was evidence … Continue reading

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CA10: Def’s flight into house to avoid arrest justified police entry because of exigency and hot pursuit

Police initiated arresting defendant outside his home, and he fled into his house to avoid it. The warrantless entry into his home was justified by probable cause for the arrest and exigent circumstances of both destruction of evidence and hot … Continue reading

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D.S.C.: Going from and back to house after drug deals showed nexus

Defendant’s going from and back to his house after drug deals showed nexus to the house for a search warrant. United States v. Jaqu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 183603 (D.S.C. Oct. 5, 2020). Plaintiff’s claim that he should have been … Continue reading

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CA11: Under GA law, court clerk qualified as “neutral and detached magistrate” for arrest warrants

Plaintiff “raised a section 1983 claim under the Fourth Amendment alleging that McCord did not have legal authority to issue the warrant. The district court concluded that Georgia law authorized McCord to issue warrants. Applying the Supreme Court’s two-part test … Continue reading

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GA retains common law that permits resistance to unlawful arrest

A fascinating recitation of the common law of arrest and the ability to resist an unlawful arrest: As the law existed when the common law was adopted by statute in Georgia in 1776, there was such authority. Most states changed … Continue reading

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DC: PC to arrest isn’t necessarily PC to search; Terry stop evolved into PC

Probable cause to arrest is not necessarily probable cause to search. Defendant’s initial detention under Terry was justified and evolved into probable cause. “Mr. Ellison also argues that his pre-arrest detention was longer than permitted under Terry’s rationale permitting brief … Continue reading

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CA6: Leon‘s GFE applies to arrest warrants

“And while Leon’s exception to the exclusionary rule arose in the context of a search warrant allegedly lacking probable cause, we think the Court would extend its basic rules to arrest warrants too. Cf. Herring v. United States, 555 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA6: Because def’s car would be towed and inventoried anyway, officer’s comments at time of seizure not determinative

Because defendant’s car would be towed and inventoried in any event after his stop, it didn’t matter what the officer said at the time. United States v. Snoddy, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 30512 (6th Cir. Sept. 24, 2020). “While Williams … Continue reading

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MA: SW affidavit showed inference def’s house was base of operation for drug operation, and that’s nexus

The affidavit for search warrant here raised more than an inference that defendant’s home was used as a base of operations for his drug dealing enterprise, and that was nexus. Commonwealth v. Andre-Fields, 2020 Mass. App. LEXIS 145 (Sept. 23, … Continue reading

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IA: All exculpatory evidence doesn’t have to be presented to issuing magistrate under Franks

“Case failed to make a preliminary showing to warrant a Franks hearing. See Baker, 925 N.W.2d at 615 (‘[A]n officer applying for a search warrant is not required to present all inculpatory and exculpatory evidence to the magistrate, only that … Continue reading

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CA6: Officer executing a state arrest warrant doesn’t have to independently verify its validity

Defendant contended that the officer executing an invalid state arrest warrant had a duty to verify the validity of the warrant before executing it. He didn’t, and the officer acted in otherwise good faith. Therefore, the exclusionary rule would not … Continue reading

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CA9: Gerstein applies to immigration arrests

Gerstein applies to immigration arrests in this class action. Plaintiff was a U.S. citizen detained by ICE. Gonzalez v. U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 28827 (9th Cir. Sept. 11, 2020). There was probable cause for a … Continue reading

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CA5: Mistaken identity arrest for half brother with same name gets QI

Plaintiff’s case for a mistaken identity arrest when his half-brother with the same name was the target fails on qualified immunity. Baker v. McCollan, 443 U.S. 137 (1979) is close enough to show qualified immunity. Nerio v. Derekevans, 2020 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA7: Civil claim for false arrest or detention on fabricated evidence is 4A claim

“A claim for false arrest or pretrial detention based on fabricated evidence sounds in the Fourth Amendment right to be free from seizure without probable cause.” Patrick v. City of Chicago, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 28380 (7th Cir. Sept. 8, … Continue reading

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CA2: Arguable PC to arrest makes it valid

“Because the defendants had at least arguable probable cause to arrest Barnes for an open container violation, the search was also lawful. A search incident to arrest is lawful where the officer reasonably believed he had probable cause, regardless of … Continue reading

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