Category Archives: § 1983 / Bivens

D.Neb.: Consent didn’t extend to removing pickup’s bedliner, but officer had PC by then

The officer had probable cause for this traffic stop, and defendant was found to have consented to a search of his pickup truck. He observed it happening and never objected. [I hate that rationale.] By the time the bedliner was … Continue reading

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KS: Stop-and-frisk was a factually justified “discretionary function” and the officer couldn’t be sued

With a due comparison to Det. Martin McFadden’s actions in observing John W. Terry and Richard D. Chilton in Terry v. Ohio, the officer on the totality was justified in inquiring of defendant what he was doing. Plaintiff wasn’t arrested, … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: There was at least circumstantial evidence defs’ DNA would be found in evidence to justify SW for it

There was sufficient probable cause defendants were involved in a robbery and could be linked to evidence in the case for DNA samples to be taken from them by search warrants. “Although the Search Warrant lacks direct evidence that the … Continue reading

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HI: Moving to suppress seizure of pill bottle incident to arrest didn’t cover later search of the bottle; issue waived

Defendant’s challenge to removal of a pill bottle from his person did not preserve a challenge to search of the pill bottle at the police station. “In any event, we conclude that Sado’s argument on appeal is without merit. Officer … Continue reading

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C.D.Ill.: Ins. co. has standing to sue that audit would be 4A violation, and its claim is ripe. Motion to dismiss denied.

An insurance company subject to government audit has standing to challenge the legal basis for the audit. Its Fourth Amendment claim is ripe: “Fidelity’s Fourth Amendment claim in Count 1 presents a purely legal question, which renders the claim fit … Continue reading

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CA6: No reasonable officer could conclude there was PC for pft’s arrest

“When reviewing the information known to Seidl at the time of Zavatson’s arrest, we conclude that no reasonable officer could have believed, based on anything more than speculation, that Zavatson had committed the purported theft. As an initial matter, there … Continue reading

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CA6: Ptf’s guilty plea after losing suppression motion wasn’t collateral estoppel to § 1983 and Heck not implicated

Plaintiff sued over his body cavity search that was part of his state case. He litigated and lost in state trial court then pled guilty. His federal action does not implicate his conviction, and it can proceed under Heck v. … Continue reading

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CA10: Defs did not violate clearly established 4A law by accessing the Utah Controlled Substance Database on plaintiffs’ prescriptions

Defendants did not violate clearly established Fourth Amendment law by accessing the Utah Controlled Substance Database on plaintiffs’ prescriptions (and the Fourth Amendment claim goes undecided). Pyle v. Woods, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 21713 (10th Cir. Nov. 1, 2017):

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CA6: Plf’s stipulation there was PC in his criminal case that led to dismissal was judicial estoppel to bringing a civil case on the same facts

Plaintiff’s stipulation there was probable cause in his criminal case that led to dismissal was judicial estoppel to bringing a civil case on the same facts. Grise v. Allen, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 21358 (6th Cir. Oct. 26, 2017). The … Continue reading

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CA5: Search of wrong house leads to liability: “An officer who makes no reasonable effort to correctly identify the place to be searched does not get immunity merely because someone else was leading the search.”

Sloppy police work leading to a search of the wrong house on a warrant leads to loss of qualified immunity: “An officer who makes no reasonable effort to correctly identify the place to be searched does not get immunity merely … Continue reading

Posted in § 1983 / Bivens, Particularity, Qualified immunity | Comments Off