- NYTimes: San Francisco Police Chief Apologizes for Raid of Journalist’s Home
- S.D.Tex.: Ptf’s suit against his investigation is barred by Younger abstention
- S.D.Tex.: Giving the password for a cell phone search shows consent
- DE: Def’s flight from parole and recent crimes were exigency for cell phone ping
- CA6: Summary judgment for Sheriff on a civil Franks claim is reversed because there’s an issue for a jury
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Fourth Amendment cases,
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Consent
Defendant was the sole occupant of his hotel room, and the absent renter consented to the search. That consent was binding on defendant under Randolph. It wasn’t ineffective assistance of counsel for defense counsel to fail to argue for an … Continue reading →
The use of defendant’s nickname by the CI was sufficient when the officers could equate that with defendant, and Wong Sun is distinguished where the officers couldn’t. Entry for a protective sweep before the search warrant was issued didn’t violate … Continue reading →
CA5: Typo on an IP address in affidavit for SW that nobody noticed doesn’t void the search; GFE applies
A typographical error in an IP address in the affidavit for search warrant was overlooked by everybody, and it was reasonable for the police to still rely on it under the good faith exception. United States v. Gonzalez, 2019 U.S. … Continue reading →
Consent to get defendant’s cell phone password didn’t require a Miranda warning. United States v. Ricks, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 59859 (E.D. Tex. Apr. 8, 2019). Defendant was in custody at the police station with his cell phone which the … Continue reading →
Delay under Rodriguez and its relation to consent during the stop: “The Rodriguez standard is thus used to determine whether officers’ actions exceed the narrow scope of the justification for a stop. By contrast, the issue of voluntariness addresses whether … Continue reading →
Plaintiff’s nolo plea after his motion to suppress was denied was collateral estoppel to his civil case over the arrest involving the same issue. Rogers v. Morgan, 2019 Del. LEXIS 160 (Apr. 2, 2019). When the officer asked for consent … Continue reading →
Reason: Hit & Run blog: Going to Burning Man? The Feds Want You Searched for Drugs by Brian Doherty Can the government demand a warrantless search with no probable cause of ticket holders as a condition of issuing an event … Continue reading →
OR: Grandmother of juvenile living with her has authority to consent to search of his room despite his objection
In the search of a juvenile’s room in his grandmother’s house she has the authority to consent over his objection. State v. A.S., 296 Ore. App. 722 (Mar. 22, 2019):
A police lie that conveyed the need to defendant for urgent action to address a pressing threat to person or property vitiated any voluntary consent. Moreover, the officer doesn’t get qualified immunity. Págan-González v. Moreno, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 8716 … Continue reading →
The officer here told defendant that he had to submit to a blood test, so there was no voluntary consent. “Here, the officer violated section 655.1 by telling defendant he had to choose instead of requesting that he submit to … Continue reading →
A child pornography knock and talk was conducted in Louisiana, and defendant consented to seizure and search of his hard drives. The first encounter with defendant was outside the house. Any illegality was attenuated. When police attempted to search the … Continue reading →
Trash pulls finding baggie cut corner pieces was probable cause for possession of drugs on the premises. United States v. Jackson, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 38664 (W.D. Pa. Mar. 11, 2019) The evidence shows that defendant’s wife consented to a … Continue reading →