Category Archives: Probable cause

CO: Voluntariness of consent is proved by a preponderance of the evidence, not by clear and convincing evidence

Voluntariness of consent in Colorado is proved by a preponderance of the evidence, not by clear and convincing evidence. People v. Delage, 2018 CO 45, 2018 Colo. LEXIS 435 (May 30, 2018). The CI gave probable cause to stop defendant … Continue reading

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DE: Undercover officer “friending” def on Facebook and seeing enough to get a SW doesn’t violate 4A

“When a person voluntarily accepts a ‘friend’ request on Facebook from an undercover police officer, and then exposes incriminating evidence, does the Fourth Amendment protect against this mistaken trust? We conclude that it does not.” Everett v. State, 2018 Del. … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: Content of affidavit for SW suggests start of investigation predated Special Counsel’s appointment

The fact a 22-page affidavit for search warrant was signed before a USMJ ten days after the Special Counsel was appointed suggests that the investigation was going on long before that. The investigation is within the Special Counsel’s purview. United … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Minor testimonial inconsistencies in testimony about a trash pull did not mean no PC

Minor testimonial inconsistencies in testimony about a trash pull did not mean there was no probable cause. United States v. Gershwin, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77029 (E.D. Mich. May 8, 2018). “Taken with Arguelles’s sex offender status, which included a … Continue reading

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CA4: Common hallway of apartment building not curtilage under Jardines

“[T]he common hallway of the apartment building, including the area in front of Makell’s door, was not within the curtilage of his apartment” under Jardines. United States v. Makell, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 12016 (4th Cir. May 8, 2018). There … Continue reading

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NJ: Video of stop showed voluntariness of consent; fact officer mentioned getting a warrant was justified on facts

The video of the stop showed the consent was valid. At first it was denied, then it was granted. The officer’s mention of a search warrant was justified because of the smell of marijuana, and that did not make the … Continue reading

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S.D.Fla.: SW can issue after def charged with crime and for the same crime

The fact defendant has already been charged with a crime does not prevent a search warrant issuing for DNA to link him further to it. Humbert v. United States, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68779 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 24, 2018). Sale … Continue reading

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DE: “The scope of the warrant so far outruns that probable cause finding—and is so lacking in particularity relative to that probable cause finding—that it qualifies as plain error.”

A rare outcome: “The scope of the warrant so far outruns that probable cause finding—and is so lacking in particularity relative to that probable cause finding—that it qualifies as plain error.” Buckham v. State, 2018 Del. LEXIS 166 (Apr. 18, … Continue reading

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MA: Affidavit established MJ grow was for sale, not personal use

The affidavit for the search warrant established probable cause that defendant’s marijuana grow was for distribution and not for personal medical use. Commonwealth v. Richardson, 2018 Mass. LEXIS 236 (Apr. 17, 2018). The Franks challenge here was over an internet … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Def’s alternative argument as to what SW affidavit showed doesn’t undermine PC

The defendant’s alternative argument about how the child pornography ended up on defendant’s computer didn’t undermine the probable cause for the search warrant. “The Court has already addressed Defendant’s argument that a single connection between a home computer and a … Continue reading

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CA9: On the scene determination of PC justified arreat and detention for 47 hours, despite later dismissal

There was probable cause for plaintiff’s arrest based on the officer’s on the scene determination. He was held 47 hours and released. The jury in the civil case found for the defendants, and the district court did not abuse its … Continue reading

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CA9: MMJ card didn’t undermine PC for possession

The arrest was based on probable cause to believe marijuana would be found. The existence of a medical marijuana card is only a defense to the holder, and it doesn’t undermine probable cause. Assenberg v. Whitman County, 2018 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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